The pineapple ( Ananas comosus ) in Portugal also known as pineapple, is an inflorescence Tropical produced by the same name plant, characterized as a plant monocot the family of Bromeliaceae the subfamily Bromelioideae. It is a symbol of tropical regions and subtropical.
The cultured pineapple belongs to the species Ananas comosusComprising many fruit varieties. There are also several wild species belonging to the same genus. The fruit when ripe quite has the flavor and acid, often sweetened.
Despite what common sense dictates, the pineapple is not a citrus fruit
Pineapple is considered the symbol of hospitality. For ancient people, put a pineapple on the outside of the houses is a sign that visitors are welcome.
The rational culture of pineapple, although very profitable, very technical and it requires treatment. Its propagation is by cuttings and is exploited one or two crops. Very useful is the fact that the fruits of production time can be controlled artificially by use of substances chemicals such as calcium carbide and Stephon. Highly technified crops can give each harvest, sixty to eighty tons of fruit per hectare. In fact, however, the production of a pineapple depends on several factors: climate and ground; planting time and harvest; Plantation age; variety; type and size of the seedling planted; planting spacing; cultivation; fertilizing; plant health.
Modernly, the planting is done by the double lines in the base system and 45 to 60 thousand plants per hectare. In advanced countries pineapple culture, are used machines that simultaneously are able to incorporate pesticides and fertilizers to the soil and, on it, distribute black strips of cloth polyethylene, on top of which the planting of seedlings is done; Furthermore, employees are trained to distribute sprayers at the same time, pesticides and fertilizers on several planting rows, as well as machines that make it possible to harvest up to 12 tons of pineapple per hour.